Wednesday, October 14, 2009

Deism

Deism


Deism is a religious and philosophical belief speaking about God is fully transcendent and external. According to deism, God was alone for a long time. There was no trace of any world at that time. He thought that a new world is needed so he created His new world in a special moment out of nothing. Then he created many necessary forces and laws and send them into this world. These forces began to drive the universe. God is the main and the primary cause of world and these forces and the secondary cause. After that God have many rules and regulations and elements, so that the world could be run well and men could live happily. God left the newly created world and began to live out side of the world.

If there arise any problem in the world, he will come back to the universe by a special act in order to correct the irregularities. He interferes by special act of divine power overcoming the action of natural forces by the introduction , for the emergency, of his own divine force. This force will drive the machine perfectly. If there is no problem , He will not come back. His activities are compared with the activities of the clockmaker. Although the clock is made by the clock maker, it runs independently and is interfered with by the maker only when it goes out of order. After the creation, He leaves the world to itself. He does not look after man's weal and woe, hopes and aspirations. Man himself is responsible for immorality and evil.

Criticism:

01. God is alone, eternal and all in all but He felt necessity to create His companion. So, all there are false conception and unsatisfactory.

02. It seems to remove certain difficulties that usually attach to pantheism. God is not responsible for natural and moral evils because He lives outside of nature. But this is only apparent, Being all powerful, God might have made the world machine so perfect that it could never in wrong.

03. If God is self-sufficient without the world, why did he create it at all? It is a basic question to us.

04. Deism cannot satisfy the religious sentiment which seeks satisfaction in intimate relationship with God. If God has no concern with our moral, struggle, weal, and woe, hopes and aspirations. He is of little botheration of man.

05. Deism simply asserts but cannot prove God. Ediso cannot prove why God should leave the world to itself after creation.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

No comments: