Social Picture in Pride and Prejudice
Pride and prejudice by Austen's is a detail portrayal of the social atmosphere of the late 18th and early 19th century
In the novel we see that money, marriage and the security of a woman are very interrelated. In pride and prejudice, we see that money is essential to begin a marriage. "It is a truth universally acknowledged that a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife." By saying it is universally acknowledged', we get the impression that marriage is something wanted by all. It also implies that any rich man wants a wife, when actually it is a woman that wants a rich husband, the opposite of what Austen says.
Here in a conversation with Mr. Bennett, we see that Mrs. Bennett convinces her husband to wed one of their daughters to "A single man of large fortune; four or five thousand a year.'', namely, Mr. Bingley. Mrs. Bennett is especially interested in his income.
When MR. Collins proposes to
In the pride and prejudice we find that marriage was thought as an acceptable path to his high status or their economic way according to the view of the society. Thus marriage was the main concern of the mother and also of the daughters of that time .
Here we see that Mrs. Bennet always thinks about their daughters' marriage. "The business of her life was to get her daughters married "and she thinks that could fetch her daughter's wealthy and high status husbands; so marriage becomes a straight and quick to change their situation. When Mrs. Bennet comes to know that a bachelor is coming to occupy Nether field Park, her first thought is whether that rich bachelor would choose one of her five daughters as his would be wife . She says to her husband "My dear Mr Bennet how can you be sotire some: You must know that I am thinking of his marrying one of them ". (1). ``If I can but see one of my daughters happily settled at Netherfield,'' said Mrs. Bennet to her husband, ``and all the others equally well married, I shall have nothing to wish for.'' Charlotte Lucas, whose pragmatic views on marrying are voiced several times in the novel: "Without thinking highly either of men or of matrimony, marriage had always been her object; it was the only honorable provision for well-educated young women of small fortune, and however uncertain of giving happiness, must be their pleasantest preservative from want."
This novel also portrays the pride of upper class society. Darcy, a wealthy bachelor alienated himself from the others at first because of his intense pride. His eventual love,
Prejudice is another picture in the society.
In the novel, Austen portrays the women's low status and the reasons of women's low status. But they in the novel didn't try to strive for their right; they thought little of their status. No right of inheritance, such is particularly the case of the Bennets,a family of five daughters whose father's estate is entailed to a distant relative because women have not the right possess his father's property. After Mr. Bennett's death, they will loose home, land, and income, everything else. Money played in determining a woman's daily life, marriage and destiny.
The women in Austen's age lived in a patriarchal society ,a world in which men held all the advantage. Women could not entail their fathers estate, which has a quite iniquitous affairs to the daughters in the Bennets, as their property was entailed to a distant male heir. And they felt angry about it -"I don't think it is the hardest thing in the world that your estate should be entailed away from your own children.'' Since the law of the then England said that the property of a family should be entailed to a male heir and since the social power of a society was exercised by the male members of the society, marrying to a wealthy man was the only solution for a woman to gain property and, of course, shelter and security. So, when Mrs.Bennet knows Elizabeth's refusal to Mr. Collins , she threats her –''If you go on refusing every marriage , you will never get a husband , and I am sure I don't know who is to maintain you when your father died ''-illustrates the point that women have to depend on the men through her lifetime.
Again in this connection is that assembles, balls and gossips were the order of the lady . The ladies are the upper middle class play in the in the hash ladies and gentlemen play cards or pass the time in held gossip. Listening news, collected news and the communicating news were the chief interest of the girls and ladies. Thus we see in the novel Mrs. Philips gathers news then it imparts to her nieces.